Most often, when a patient is diagnosed with a cartilage injury to a knee, either the lateral or medial meniscus has been damaged, frayed or torn. The menisci are cushiony pads located on the side of the knee joint that cushion the knee like a shock absorber. Sudden cartilage injuries are common to many sports, recreational and work activities that require twisting (ballet), decelerating (tennis), pivoting (skateboarding), cutting (soccer) or being tackled (football). This may or may not involve a direct blow or trauma to the leg or knee. Imaging (x-ray or MRI) is best way for a physician to determine the location and severity of the injury. Contact Coastal Orthopedic Associates today to schedule a professional consultation.

Arthroscopic Cartilage Surgery

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that uses a tiny camera inserted through a small incision to give a doctor a real-time view of cartilage damage inside the knee joint. Tiny instruments like scissors, shavers or lasers can be inserted through another incision for restorations that include:

NOTE: The most common non-surgical treatment following a less severe cartilage injury is R.I.C.E. (or rest, ice, compress and elevate). These can also be used after cartilage surgery to control pain and swelling during rehabilitation.

Articular Cartilage Restoration

Where the thighbone and shinbone come together to form the knee joint, the bone ends are covered with articular cartilage. This smooth, white tissue reduces friction and makes it easy for the bones to glide. Since cartilage in the knee is slow to heal, articular cartilage restoration is a surgical procedure used to relieve pain and restore joint function. A knee arthroscopy allows for a faster recovery and quicker mobilization but meniscus tears are often secondary to other knee injuries, such as a torn anterior cruciate ligament, so open surgery may be indicated to provide for better access to the knee joint.

DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this website is an educational resource. It is not intended to serve as a recommendation for the treatment or management of any medical condition. All decisions involving medical procedures or surgery should be made in conjunction with your physician or orthopedic surgeon.